Millions of years ago, all the continents were merged in one large land mass known as Pangea. This was about 250 million years ago. They gradually began to drift apart and formed the separate continents that we are familiar with today. The formation of separate continental land masses changed the flow of ocean currents and winds, and isolated Antarctica.

This continental drift leads to climate change, as it brings about a change in the following.

  • Physical feature of the lithosphere
  • Position of the land masses
  • Mountains and water bodies

The impacts of the drift are felt in the atmosphere and oceans, thereby affecting the climate.